breast cancer is diagnosed when a breast cancer has spread to other parts
of the body. If the breast cancer has spread to the bones, it is called a bone metastasis.
Breast cancer that has spread to other organs,
including the liver, lungs, or brain is called a visceral metastasis.
Breast cancer recurrence is the term used to describe the return of breast cancer
following treatment. Such treatment can include surgery with or without adjuvant
therapy (additional cancer treatment following surgery).
Cancer can return either in the same place as the original
tumor or somewhere else in the body.
Metastatic breast cancer often develops as a recurrence of a previously diagnosed
breast cancer. In a small number of cases, metastatic breast cancer is diagnosed
when there is no prior history of breast cancer. This is called de novo metastatic disease.
Doctors use biopsies and many other different kinds of tests to gather information
about the cancer, check for recurrences, and see if breast cancer cells have spread.
Local recurrence occurs in the breast where the cancer
first started or in the skin and underlying tissues of the breast where the cancer
first started. This type of breast cancer recurrence can happen even if you’ve had
Regional recurrence occurs in the lymph nodes near
the affected breast. These regional lymph nodes include nodes found under the arm
(axillary nodes) and around the collarbone.
Distant recurrence occurs in other parts of the body,
such as the bones, liver, lungs,
Begin by talking to your doctor
Every woman is different. What a doctor recommends for one woman may not be right
for another. Developing a list of
questions to ask is a good step toward addressing concerns and getting information.
Learn more about hormone receptors
and metastatic breast cancer